Concept Mapping

Concept mapping is a technique for visualizing the relationships between different concepts. A concept map is a diagram showing the relationships between concepts. Concepts are connected with labelled arrows, in a downward-branching hierarchical structure. The relationship between concepts is articulated in linking phrases, e.g., "gives rise to", "results in", "is required by," or "contributes to". (Source: Wikipedia)

PMI on Concept Mapping in Science Education
Plus: Is quick, allows for brainstorming, and can be collaborative
Minus: Some suggest it does not have the academic vigor of other activities
Interesting: Traditional pencil and paper or using other freeware e.g. Free Mind

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Example Sites: -

General Science
Science Continuum - concept development -
Magnetism and Electricity -

Biology Concept Maps

Chemistry Concept Maps

Physics Concept Maps

Graphic Organisers

Graphic organizers are visual representations of knowledge, concepts or ideas. They are known to help
  • relieve learner boredom
  • enhance recall
  • provide motivation
  • create interest
  • clarify information
  • assist in organizing thoughts
  • promote understanding
(Source: Wikipedia)

PMI on Graphic Organisers in Science Education
Plus: Excellent way to introduce a new concept; works as individual, small group or as a class activity
Minus: The first time they are introduced they require some explanation to the students
Interesting: The variety is impressive

Education Place -
Edhelper -
Enchanted Learning -
Write Design Online -
Victoria Essential Learning Standards -
Virtual Library List -

Examples in Science Education
Writing in Science -
Compare and Contrast Matrices on Birds -
Various Science Examples